Many different disorders of the gastrointestinal tract may require surgery to correct. Fortunately, your surgeon can address many of these in a minimally invasive fashion. A minimally invasive surgery uses small incisions on the abdomen as well as a slender camera called a laparoscope. This type of surgery allows for a quicker return to regular activity, less pain, and a better cosmetic outcome. The small intestine (also called the small bowel) is the part of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract that follows the stomach and is where much of nutrient digestion and absorption occur. The colon and rectum are part of your large intestine. The primary purpose of these organs is to process and pass waste from your body.
Tumors & Polyps
Several conditions that can affect your GI tract include blockages, tumors, Crohn’s disease, bleeding, diverticulitis, and ulcerative colitis. A general surgeon can remove certain polyps or tumors of the small or large intestine by excision of a segment of intestine along with regional lymph nodes. If the polyp or tumor is cancer, the removal and testing of the lymph nodes will allow for planning for further cancer treatments.
Diverticulitis is a condition of the large intestine (colon) in which small pouches form and become inflamed in the wall of the colon. The degree of inflammation and scarring from diverticulitis will determine if minimally invasive surgery is an option. The surgical goal for patients with diverticulitis is the prevention of future episodes of inflammation, bleeding, and pain.